These are Erdogan’s options against the Kurds in Syria after his return from Sochi frustrated ??
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan on Thursday disappointed the fourth summit of Sochi, After having held large hopes for more than a month on the results of this summit, which was expected to come out of it and has the mandate of Russian President Vladimir Putin and Iran’s Hassan Rowhani to invade his army (Erdogan) areas east of the Euphrates, And to establish a safe area, according to the idea announced by US President Donald Trump on 14/01/2019, Although he did not clarify the content of this region in full, but the Turkish president welcomed them and held high hopes on its.
Russian President Vladimir Putin managed to drag Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan to his side, And held a deal with him is considered the strongest ambush of one of America’s strongest allies in NATO, it is considered One of the strategic countries of Washington’s policies in the Middle East, and it is the S-400 deal,
Which made Erdogan pay part of the cost, And Erdogan’s income and the policies of his country in the restrictions can not move wide, The options on the international scene have been shrinked in front of him at least in the coming period.
Erdogan was not able to know the content of the safe area declared by Trump, and could not get any undermine, but accompanied the Trump proposal for the safe area, direct threat to destroy the economy of Turkey if attacked the Kurds in Syria, This was a strong deterrent to Erdogan not to attack the Kurds, Especially that he was not exempt from the blow of the deterioration of the economy of his country during the detention of the American priest Andrew Brunson,
Erdogan does not want to hear anything about the deterioration of his country and its economy, Where he is one of the pillars of the survival of the rule, and after the failure of his attempts with the US administration to seize an opportunity, and after the maneuvers and attempts in Manbj and others, he failed .
Turkish President Erdogan had attended new proposals to propose to Russian President Putin and Iranian Hassan Rowhani, The first was the establishment of a buffer zone in the north of Syria, and that Turkey is the one that runs this region, But Putin and Rohani rejected the idea on the ground. They even expressed that the Kurdish people should be part of the Syrian people and that the Syrian government should return to the northern border in reference to the “Syrian north.”
however, Erdogan was not enough for him limit himself to this and pointed to the central importance of the decision of US President Donald Trump, the withdrawal of troops from Syria, “if applied.”
“The (expected) US withdrawal from Syria should not cause a security vacuum.” he continued
He pointed out that it should not be understood that the safe area that would be formed would be a place for the proliferation of terrorist organizations following the withdrawal.
Erdogan added: “We expect from our partners in the path of Astana in support of the steps we will take on the establishment of the safe area in northern Syria,
We look at our future within the framework of the Adana Agreement “(signed between Ankara and Damascus and allow Turkey security intervention in northern Syria).
It is believed that Erdogan’s proposal was the last of his possessions, and he is certain that he could not implement the Adana Agreement in these circumstances and conditions,
Because any Turkish military incursion into the Syrian north will turn the region into a war zone and not a settlement,
This is what all sides, including his Russian and Iranian allies.
Erdogan has two options, not the third, The first is to accept the agreement of Adana without applying it at least for now, The second is somewhat difficult to accept the American proposal to consult with the Syrian democratic forces and to reach a consensual meeting to resolve the border dispute, Ending the conflict and withdrawing from Afrin and other areas while ensuring their interests and not forming a threat on their borders.