erdogan… Projects of political Islam collapse rapidly
The Turkish authorities, led by the Justice and Development Party (AKP), have used political Islam over the years as a card to revive the dream of the old Ottoman Empire. In order to realize this dream, it has taken a malicious course by playing on internal problems, from Tunisia to Sudan, Libya Egypt and Syria, till Africa , all are targets of the Turkish authorities.
The political Islam adopted by the AKP as its approach, which Erdogan is ruling on behalf of Turkey, believes in the idea of spreading the land to the followers, and blasphemy the Muslim sects, which is the same as promoted by IS thought, and dreams of the return of the Ottoman caliphate. According to this principle, IS was founded and allowed itself to displace the people who were not on its religion to loot their money, he calls for the rule of God, but he practiced everything that hits the words of God at heart.
Erdogan, through his promotional speeches, used the same ideas that IS adopted by means of an organized and wide media, launching in all means of communication through the Internet, fanatic preachers in mosques, whether in Arab countries, Islamic countries or in European countries and the United States, the publication of these messages and leaflets aimed at restoring the project “Revival of the Ottoman Empire” again.
After the outbreak of the so-called Arab Spring and the fragile security situation in Arab countries such as Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Yemen and Syria after 2011 and the political lack of Arab countries, Turkey mobilized these advocacy groups and turned their activities into armed action to achieve that dream by force of arms and adopted the Muslim Brotherhood In this three-part dossier, we will try to highlight Turkish interference in Arab affairs.
Seeking to control Egypt through the Muslim Brotherhood
As long as Erdogan considered the Arab countries as a soft ground to control them, but he had two obstacles, Saudi Arabia and Egypt and tried during the past years to besiege them by expanding in the surrounding countries, and began from Egypt through the Muslim Brotherhood.
When the revolution began in Egypt on January 25, 2011, the Muslim Brotherhood took advantage of these protests to take control of the country. After Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak stepped down on February 11, 2011, and preparing for a civil election, the Muslim Brotherhood and its political wing, representing by Freedom and Justice Party which nominated Mohamed Morsi in the elections.
On Sunday, June 24, 2012, the Egyptian Presidential Election Commission announced that Mohamed Morsi won the second round of the elections by 51.7%. Hours after his victory, Morsi resigned from the presidency of the Freedom and Justice Party and from the membership of the Guidance Bureau of the Muslim Brotherhood. Erdogan’s intervention in Egyptian affairs increased through the Muslim Brotherhood.
After the outbreak of the Syrian crisis and the tension of the Turkish-Syrian relations, the cancellation of the Syrian regime’s strategic cooperation and its economic agreement with Ankara in early December 2011, and the restriction of the movement of Turkish goods through Syrian territory to Jordan and the Gulf, Turkey sought to make Egypt an alternative to Syria and a corridor of its goods in the region and the two parties signed a memorandum of understanding for the transit of Turkish goods to the Arabian Gulf through the Egyptian ports known as the “Roro” agreement, which came into force in April 2012. After the arrival of Mohamed Morsi to the helm of government in Egypt, the visits increased between the two parties and economic exchange until Egypt became a Turkish colony in which the Brotherhood’s thought was applied.
However, this situation made the Egyptian people to revolt against Mohammed Morsi. The army intervened and Morsi was deposed on July 3- 2013 and he was arrested along with Brotherhood commanders.
Erdogan’s projects in Egypt were hit hard by the fall of the Muslim Brotherhood, because the Brotherhood did not offer any solution to any economic, social or political issue, and sought to control the joints of the state and give Morsi himself a greater role in his powers than Mubarak himself, which deepened the popular revolution against him , Muhammad al-Sisi and the army played a precise role and were able to take military action, benefiting from an atmosphere of anger against the Muslim Brotherhood.
After the overthrow of the rule of the Muslim Brotherhood, terrorist operations spread in Egypt. Terrorists targeted the peoples of Egypt, especially the Copts, and became active in Sinaa, prompting the authorities to carry out a security operation against them and many reports showed Brotherhood involvement and Turkish support in these terrorist activities.
Another failure in Tunisia
In Tunisia, attempts of al-Nehda party to control the Tunisian state failled because of its weakness over the strength of trade unions, the political and civil society, and because they offered no solutions to the problems of Tunisia, and even allowed the Salafists to expand. Consequently, the causes of the revolution were renewed. Sidi Bouzid areas and others demonstrated again, and thus al-Nehda failed again, and the plans of al-Nehda Party and behind them Erdogan failed to control Tunisia.
Supporting terrorists in Libya
Since the military intervention in Libya and the overthrow of the Qazafi regime, the Turkish intervention in Libyan affairs continued by supporting Muslim Brotherhood groups and other terrorist groups. This was clearly manifested in June 2014, Marshal Khalifa Khalaf accused Turkey of supporting terrorism. Later, the Turkish envoy in Libya, “Amerallah Ishler,” announced that Turkish airlines would resume its flights to Libyan-controlled Misrata. The Libyan government also accused Turkey of having links with Ansar al-Sharia which was stationed in Benghazi.
Erdogan changed Matiqa airport in Tripoli which was under the control of the terrorist groups, was transferred to a Turkish airport. The airport witnessed four flights a day to and from Istanbul, and most likely the Turks were sending weapons to the terrorists. The Greek Coast Guard had stopped boats carrying explosives from Turkey to Libya, and these highly explosive materials were sent by the Turkish authorities to the terrorists.
A member of Libya’s Elders Council, Mohamed Turki, said about the Turkish intervention in Libya, especially in Misrata, “It is no longer hidden or impossible.” He added, “all the world knows the affiliations of Erdogan and the Brotherhood and knows that his personal envoy to Libya, Brotherhood and its close ties with the Brotherhood member Ali al-Salabi who is officially resident in Istanbul. He wondered “How can Istanbul explain the resort of the most prominent figures of the Islamic trend to its territory, headed by former Mufti Sadiq Ghariani and the leader of the Islamic Front Abdel Hakim Belhaj and radical Islamic Abdul Wahab al-Qaid.”
Libyan expert Saleh Ibrahim al-Mabrouk said in an interview with Al Arabiya television, “the Libyan people feel that they are being subjected to an external Turkish invasion, in accordance with Erdogan’s ambitions in the region aimed at returning Libya to an Ottoman state.”
Africa .. and looking for an old legacy
The Turkish authorities have stepped up their visits, led by Erdogan to Sudan and Chad, which stemmed from Turkey’s strategy of political expansion from the economic support gate for weak Arab and African leaders who have not been able to secure strong Arab support to save its faltering economy as political observers described the Turkish expansion as an Ottoman encirclement of the Gulf and Egypt.
In addition to the aspiration of the Turkish president to restore the Ottoman caliphate as a dominant power in the Arab and Islamic world, he seeks to gain influence in the Sudan, especially for the Red Sea. This will allow Turkey to threaten the national security of Egypt and the Gulf countries, especially Saudi Arabia to control leadership of Sunni Muslims.
Erdogan announced in Khartoum that Sudan has allocated al-Sewaken island in the Red Sea in eastern Sudan to Turkey to be rehabilitated and managed for an unspecified period of time.
Al-Sewaken port is the oldest in Sudan and is used mostly to transport passengers and goods to the port of Jeddah in Saudi Arabia, the second port of Sudan after Porsudan, 60 km to the north.
This island was occupied by the Ottomans. It was occupied by the Ottomans in the Red Sea. It was also home to the Ottoman governor of the southern Red Sea between 1821 and 1885.
The island, which is no more than 750 meters in length and 500 meters wide, has a historical archaeological area, containing a narrow sea-wall and connected by a paved road.
Erdogan, however, is hiding other objectives that have not been announced. He is working to restore the glory of the occupied Ottoman state and is seen as part of Turkish territory and has the right to dispose of it.
Perhaps, the most serious goal of this step is to turn this island into a military zone from which it can put pressure on Saudi Arabia and benefit from Qatari support in light of the differences witnessed by the Gulf countries, and that the island overlooking the coast of Yemen adjacent to the Saudi coasts, where Turkey aims to play a role in Yemeni fighting, drawing the boundaries of the alleged Ottoman state.
Not only in Sudan, but also Turkish President Recap Tayyip Erdogan expanded the moves to Algeria, Mauritania, Mali and Senegal, amid several questions about the hidden objectives of Turkey in the region. Is the economic determinant the only key motive to guide Turkey’s compass towards Africa from the north and west gate?
In fact, Turkey competes for influence within the geographies stretching from the Middle East to north, west and central Africa. This strategic orientation includes the creation of a stable port on the Atlantic Ocean through the Mauritanian gateway through the construction of a military base and ports that control its administration and management of the services attached to them. The economic and political weakness of Algeria and Mauritania is a key entry point for Ankara’s presence in the region, Morocco’s orientations towards Africa.
As for Algeria, it is known that it was area of the capital Istanbul and from there was derived Bayats and Bashas their orientation.
History is strongly present on the Erdogan agenda to define the interests of his country and their centers of influence from the Middle East to the eastern border of Morocco. Ankara wants to compete with the Kingdom of Morocco by joining Morocco’s historical and spiritual allies Senegal and Mali.
The recent military base launched by Turkey in Somalia is proof that Ankara’s policy in Africa is no more than interventionist in sovereign affairs, under the label of trade and development to strengthen its influence.